Sun Care Tips
Here comes the sun! The warm sun light is a perfect mood maker and lures us outside. But be careful – too much sun damages our skin.
Being able to stimulate the production of melanin by UV light and tanning, our skin has a potent self-protection. But this protection is often not sufficient to block all the UV radiation.
The short-wave UVB radiation penetrate the epidermis up to the basal cells and the cellular tissue and damage it. The result is a local inflamation, the sunburn. And every sunburn, even precursors of it, increase the possibility of permanent cell damage and even skin cancer. The long-wave UVA radiation penetrate much deeper into the skin. Reaching the subcutaneous tissue, it can cause changes in the elastic fibers (collagen and elastin). The connective tissue weakens, the skin ages faster. UVA radiation is responsible for up to 90% of premature skin aging. At the same time UVA radiation damages the cellular DNA and is responsible for polymorphic light dermatoses which are also called sun allergy.
Therefore it is so important to protect yourself from the sun –
here are the most important tips:
- The sun is always there. Even on cloudy days about 60 percent of UV radiations penetrates to the earth, in the shade it is still up to 50 percent. And under water you can still messure 50 percent of UVA and 75 percent of UBV to a depth of one meter. So sun protection is an absolute must, even on cloudy days and in the shade.
- Pay attention of both UVA- and UVB protection. While the sun protection factor SFS is a measure of the UVB protection, the sign UVA guarantees an UVA balance of at least 60% of UVB protection. Always use the highest possible protection factor.
- Please avoid the sun during midday: between 11 am and 2 pm its radiation is strongest.
- Apply the suncream generously before exposure. The EU commission recommends six teaspoons full per person. And be aware: The effect of the suncream does not last all day. Re-apply frequently to maintain protection, especially after perspiring, swimming or towelling.
- Protect your eyes from sunlight. Good sunglases are characterized by the term "100 UV protection up to 400 nanometers”.
- Do not use perfume while sunbathing. This could cause ugly marks on the skin.
- Clothes are a perfect sun protection, especially dark clothes and synthetic fibers.
- Do not stay too long in the sun, even while using a sunscreen product and keep babies and young children out of direct sunlight.
- Every sunbathing ist stress for the skin. So pamper it after sunbathing with after sun products and moisturizers including skin-soothing active substances. The perfect SOS product for calming the skin after exposure to the sun or when the first signs of sunburn appear, is DAILY REPAIR.
- Some people react with pustules, itching and redness to sunlight. About 10 to 20% of people in Europe are affected by these polymorphic light dermatoses. Sufferers should particularly let their skin slowly get used to the sun and use emulsifier-free sunscreen with a high UVA protection. Once the reaction appears, you have to avoid the sun.